A carpenter is a person who makes things with wood. You could hire a carpenter to build you a dining table and two long benches. Carpenters specialize in carpentry, making furniture and buildings out of wood and repairing various wooden things. Carpentry is defined as the craft of cutting and joining wood to construct buildings or other structures.
Yes, you can, but not all carpenters are expert cabinetmakers. You should do some local reviews before hiring someone. Formal training in the carpentry industry is available in seminars, certification programs, high school programs, online classes, in the fields of newly-built carpentry, restoration and preservation. Carpenters traditionally worked with natural wood and did more rugged work, such as framing, but today many other materials are also used, and sometimes the more refined crafts of cabinetmaking and furniture construction are considered carpentry.
These sessions generally cover carpentry in general and not just furniture-related jobs, although some institutions offer classes on specific aspects of the trade that students can enlist after completing general courses. A furniture carpenter builds or repairs desks, chairs, shelves, and other types of wooden furniture.